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¿Quién puede donar un riñón?

who can donate a kidney

Más que 90.000 estadounidenses están esperando for a kidney transplant, so becoming a kidney donor can save lives. If you consider becoming a donor for a family, friend, or even a stranger, your generous gift can allow someone to live a longer, healthier life.

What are the Requirements to Donate a Kidney?

Antes de que pueda seguir adelante con una donación de riñón, hay requisitos básicos que deberá cumplir primero. Para las personas que se preguntan quién puede donar, los trasplantes de riñón tienen criterios claros para el beneficio tanto del receptor como del donante.

En general, un donante de riñón debe:

  • Tener al menos 18 años
  • Tener una función renal normal
  • Gozar de buena salud física y mentalmente

In addition to the guidelines above, you will undergo various tests to ensure you are healthy enough to donate a kidney. If you are hoping to donate to a specific recipient, there will also be testing to determine whether you are a good match.

Las pruebas para donantes de riñón generalmente incluyen:

  • Análisis de sangre
  • Pruebas de anticuerpos
  • Pruebas de tipificación de tejidos
  • Examen de salud previo a la cirugía

The health of the donor and the potential recipient is considered during the screening process. Ultimately, the goal is to ensure the safety of both individuals and the best possible outcome for the kidney recipient. 

What Might Disqualify You from Being a Kidney Donor?

Ciertas condiciones médicas podrían impedir que una persona se convierta en donante de riñón, como:

  • Alta presión sanguínea
  • Cáncer
  • Diabetes
  • VIH
  • Hepatitis
  • Infección grave

En algunos casos, los médicos también pueden considerar si el posible donante es fumador.

Convertirse en un donante de riñón en vida

Organ donation is often thought to be only possible after death. However, individuals who are still living can also donate kidneys, a lobe of their lung, or a section of their liver. 

La donación de riñón en vida es la forma más común de donación de órganos en vida, mainly because most people have two kidneys but only require one to live a healthy life. A kidney from a living donor can last 15 to 20 years compared to 12 to 15 years with a kidney from a deceased donor. 

How to Donate a Kidney to a Family Member or Friend

If you are considering volunteering as a living kidney donor for someone you know, contact the transplant hospital where they are a patient to inquire about getting tested as a donor. Various tests will be conducted to determine whether you are a match, and a medical and psychological examination to confirm that you are well-prepared for surgery.

Once it is determined that you are a match and approved as a donor, you will make arrangements for the surgery and recovery time. 

Who Pays for a Kidney Transplant from a Living Donor?

En la mayoría de los casos, el seguro de salud del receptor cubrirá el costo de una donación de riñón, incluidas las pruebas y la cirugía. 

Los gastos de viaje, trabajo perdido y otros factores solo se cubren en ocasiones. Él Programa Nacional de Asistencia para Donantes Vivos puede ayudar con los diversos costos asociados con la donación de riñón, reduciendo los obstáculos para los donantes. además, el Ley Nacional de Trasplante de Órganos permite a los destinatarios contribuir con los gastos de viaje y alojamiento. Sin embargo, es ilegal que a los donantes de riñón se les pague directamente por su donación. 

Unirse al Registro de Donantes de Órganos

When you add your name to the Michigan Organ Donor Registry, you can donate your kidneys to someone in need after you die. Moreover, every organ donor can save up to eight lives – an incredible legacy that can profoundly impact the lives of recipients and their loved ones.

Gift of Life Michigan se dedica a simplificar el proceso de inscripción en el Registro de Donantes de Órganos de Michigan. Usted puede registrarse en el Registro de Donantes en línea en minutos.

Learn More About Kidney Donation Now

If you need more information regarding living kidney donation, visit the Sitio web de Transplant Living o comuníquese con el hospital de trasplantes que atiende a su ser querido.

Donación de riñón

Credito de imagen: CoserCrema/Shutterstock

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